Labels or Instructions
Success Criterion 3.3.2 (Level A)
In your site or application, do input fields have sufficient labeling and instructions describing what input data is expected?
Why is this important
Providing labels or instructions for form controls and adding content to input fields enable users to enter information correctly. The intent is to provide text based cues and instructions that will assist users of assistive technology in providing the requested information.
Whom does it benefit?
As a screen reader user
I want clear labels on checkboxes or radio buttons
so that I can identify exactly what I am selecting.
As a person with dyslexia who has trouble inputting dates correctly
I want clear instructions and labels for form fields
so that I can enter the correct information using the required format.
What should you do?
- Provide labels for all user input controls and form fields such as text boxes, radio buttons, and drop-down menus.
- If necessary, include instructions on how to use controls and enter information in the appropriate format.
How do you do it?
- Input control and form field labels should be clear and concise.
- Provide indication of any “required” fields that are present.
- Provide definitions and/or clear examples for any form fields that require input to be in a specific format.
- Instructions should be clear and concise and avoid adding clutter and confusion.
- Instructions should consider users with all types of disabilities and the sensory characteristics they rely on.
Need technical guidance?
Technical guidance is available for implementing this Success Criterion at the Understanding Success Criterion 3.3.2 - Labels or Instructions page.
Additional Resources to help you:
- Labeling Controls - W3C Web Accessibility Tutorials
- Form Instructions - W3C Web Accessibility Tutorials
- 3.3.2 – Labels or Instructions (Level A) - WUHCAG