Users must be able to operate the interface (the interface cannot require interaction that a user cannot perform).
User interface components and navigation must be operable. This means that users must be able to operate the interface (the interface cannot require interaction that a user cannot perform).
- Make all functionality available from a keyboard.
- Give users enough time to read and use content.
- Do not use content that causes seizures.
- Help users navigate and find content.
Is your Content Operable?
The questions below are designed to assist you in determining if your website, application, and/or content is operable to people with disabilities. Each question is linked to in-depth information, resources, and examples on how to apply the guidelines to our products.
- Keyboard: Can all functionality and content be accessed and operated through the use of a keyboard or keyboard interface? (Success Criterion 2.1.1 – Level A)
- No Keyboard Trap: If keyboard focus can be moved from the main web page content into a component of the page, can the focus also be moved away from the component using only the keyboard? (Success Criterion 2.1.2 – Level A)
- Keyboard (No Exception): Can all site or application controls and content be accessed and operated through the use of a keyboard or keyboard interface with no exceptions? (Success Criterion 2.1.3 – Level AAA)
- Timing Adjustable: If web content uses time limits can a user turn off, adjust or extend those time limits? (Success Criterion 2.2.1 – Level A)
- Pause, Stop, Hide: Can moving, blinking, scrolling or auto-updating content be paused, stopped or hidden by the user? (Success Criterion 2.2.2 – Level A)
- No Timing: Is your website/application free from time limits? (Success Criterion 2.2.3 – Level AAA)
- Interruptions: Can users postpone or suppress server-side interruptions with the exception of those that involve an emergency? (Success Criterion 2.2.4 – Level AAA)
- Re-authenticating: When re-authentication is required, is previously entered data retained? (Success Criterion 2.2.5 – Level AAA)
- Three Flashes or Below Threshold: Have you ensured that your website/application does not contain content that flashes? (Success Criterion 2.3.1 – Level A)
- Three Flashes: Have you ensured that your website/application does not contain content that flashes? (Success Criterion 2.3.2 – Level AAA)
- Bypass Blocks: Is there a way for users to bypass content that is repeated on multiple web pages (e.g., setting controls, navigation areas, user menu, etc.)? (Success Criterion 2.4.1 – Level A)
- Page Titled: Do all pages on your website have unique descriptive page titles? (Success Criterion 2.4.2 – Level A)
- Focus Order: If page content is designed to be navigated sequentially, do the focusable parts receive focus in a sequential order that maintains the meaning and operation of the content? (Success Criterion 2.4.3 – Level A)
- Link Purpose (In Context): Is all link text contextual and provide users with a clear indication of the link destination and content? (Success Criterion 2.4.4 – Level A)
- Multiple Ways: Does your website or application provide users with multiple ways to navigate to the site or applications individual content pages? (Success Criterion 2.4.5 – Level AA)
- Headings and Labels: Does your website or application use clear headings and labels that provide meaning and organization? (Success Criterion 2.4.6 – Level AA)
- Focus Visible: Does your website or application provide a visual focus indicator when navigating through content using the keyboard? (Success Criterion 2.4.7 – Level AA)
- Location: Can the user determine their location on your web site or application based on the page content, navigation, or other focus indicators? (Success Criterion 2.4.8 – Level AAA)
- Link Purpose (Link Only): Can the purpose of all links on your website or application be determined by the link text alone? (Success Criterion 2.4.9 – Level AAA)
- Section Headings: Are descriptive section headings provided for sections of lengthy content such as chapters and subchapters, topics and subtopics, etc? (Success Criterion 2.4.10 – Level AAA)