Info and Relationships
Success Criterion 1.3.1 Level A

Is the information, structure, and relationships of the content on your site or application maintained when being accessed with assistive technology?

Why is this Important?

Individuals with visual, auditory, or other disabilities may not be able to perceive the typical cues used to understand information, structure, and relationships when using assistive technology to access digital content. Visual or auditory cues such as headings, bold font, bulleted and numbered lists, background colors, grouped form fields, sound indicators, etc. need to be programmatically determined, or available in text alternatives so that information important for comprehension will be perceived by all.

Whom does it benefit?

Example 1:

As a person who is blind, navigating a page can sometimes be difficult.
I want to hear what the main landmarks are (e.g.,banner, navigation, main content, complementary sidebar)
so that I can quickly orient myself to the page.

Example 2:

As a person who is color-blind, I cannot always distinguish between colors to denote required fields,
I want another visual indicator that input is required for a text field
so that I can complete forms without error.

What should you do?

  • Use native HTML (whenever possible), to design content that can be presented visually, audibly and tactically via assistive technology (e.g. refreshable braille device) without losing meaning, information or structure.
  • Use WAI-ARIA, only as needed, to programmatically determine elements that use non-conventional coding.
  • Never use visual or sound indicators as the sole indicator of structure, information or meaning.

How do you do it?

Need technical guidance?

Additional resources to help you: